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South Holland Local Plan - Adopted July 2006
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Appendix 2
MAXIMUM CAR PARKING STANDARDS
a modified version of Lincolnshire County Council’sDevelopment Guide on Transport and New Development Issues in Lincolnshire  (January  2005)
   
TYPE OF DEVELOPMENT MAXIMUM STANDARD NOTES
RESIDENTIAL

Houses and Flats

(including Aged Person Dwellings)

In Spalding and the Area Centres:

A maximum on average of 1.5 spaces per dwelling

In the rest of the District:

A maximum on average of 2 spaces for dwellings with 3 or less bedrooms and 3 spaces for dwellings with 4 or more bedrooms.

The Area Centres comprise the towns of Holbeach, Long Sutton, Sutton Bridge and Crowland and the main village of Donington.

A garage plus the space immediately in front count as one space.

Sheltered Housing - Warden Aided Accommodation 1 space per 2 units  
Community Homes - Homes for the Elderly/ Children/Physically or Mentally Handicapped 1 space per 3 residents  
Halls of Residence/Nurses Homes/Other Residential Hostels To be assessed on individual merits The general aim will be to restrict parking to the minimum required for safe operation (e.g. off-loading/ picking up) within the larger urban areas and to 1 space per 3 residents elsewhere.
RETAIL
Food Retail 1 space per 14 m2 gfa In general, parking provided within town centres will normally be expected to be short stay and available for general public use, subject to the Local Planning Authority’s agreement.
 
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Non - Food Retail 1 space per 20 m2 gfa
(including any external display area)
In general, parking provided within town centres will normally be expected to be short stay and available for general public use, subject to the Local Planning Authority’s agreement.
EMPLOYMENT
Offices 1 space per 30 m2 gfa  
General Industry 1 space per 65 m2 gfa  
Warehousing 1 space per 150 m2 gfa  
EDUCATION
Nursery Schools/Primary Schools/ Secondary Schools To be assessed on individual merits, but typically 1 space per 2 staff plus an allowance for visitors A School Travel Plan is likely to be required in support of any proposal.
Higher and Further Education To be assessed on individual merits, but  typically 1 space per 2 staff plus 1 space per 15 students A Transport Assessment and/or Travel Plan is likely to be required in support of any proposal.
OTHER DEVELOPMENT TYPES
Cinema/ Theatres/ Conference Facilities/ Bingo Halls/ Other Places of Assembly with Fixed Seating 1 space per 5 seats  
Hospitals (including extensions to existing sites) To be assessed on individual merits A Transport Assessment and/or Travel Plan is likely to be required in support of any proposal.
Stadia To be assessed on individual merits, but typically one space per 15 seats A Transport Assessment and/or Travel Plan is likely to be required in support of any proposal. This will need to include provision for coach parking.
Sports Facilities (e.g. Leisure Centre/ Swimming Pools/ Squash Clubs) To be assessed on individual merits A Transport Assessment and/or Travel Plan is likely to be required in support of any proposal. This will need to include provision of coach parking at larger sites.
Restaurants/ Cafes/ Public Houses/ Licensed Clubs 1 space per 3 m2 public drinking area
+
1 space per  5 m2 public dining area
Additional facilities, such as accommodation and conference facilities will need to be assessed separately in accordance with the appropriate standard.
 
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Hotels 1 space per bedroom Additional facilities, such as bars/dining rooms open to the general public and conference facilities will need to be assessed separately in accordance with the appropriate standard.
 
South Holland Local Plan - Adopted July 2006
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Minimum Cycle Parking Standards
Cycle theft is a major deterrent to potential cyclists. Hence, an important measure in trying to encourage greater use of cycles, particularly for short trips, is the provision of secure cycle parking. Developments will therefore be required to provide suitable cycle parking for both employees and visitors/customers. In addition, at larger sites, developers will also be required to demonstrate that they have considered the additional needs of employees who cycle through the provision of facilities such as lockers, changing and shower facilities as part of an overall Travel Plan.
 
Minimum Standards
TYPE OF DEVELOPMENT
Food Retail 1 stand per 250 m2 gfa
Non - Food Retail 1 stand per 500 m2 gfa
Offices 1 stand per 200 m2 gfa
General Industry 1 stand per 200 m2 gfa
Warehousing 1 stand per 1000 m2 gfa
Cinema/ Theatres/ Conference Facilities/
Bingo Halls/ Other Places of Assembly with Fixed Seating
1 stand per 20 seats
Note 1 : The minimum standards in the above table are given as “stands”. This refers to a typical inverted ‘U’ type stand (often referred to as a Sheffield stand), which is capable of accommodating 2 cycles. Where this style of parking is not being used, then the number of racks, etc, being provided will need to be adjusted accordingly to provide the appropriate number of spaces.
 
Parking for cyclists at other developments will be considered on their own merits, normally as part of a Transport Assessment and/or Travel Plan. As a general guide, provision for employees will be made the rate of 1 space per 4 staff with further provision for visitors/customers appropriate to the size/facilities of the development.
 
Type of Stand
Cycle parking for public use will generally be of the “Sheffield Stand” type which allow cycles to be easily supported and the frame and wheels to be locked. This style of stand may also be appropriate for employee parking where the numbers to be provided are small. Cycle racks which simply support a wheel, either in a “butterfly” holder or paving slot, will not be approved.
All long stay cycle parking for employees should be under cover and secure (e.g. within a locked compound). A range of proprietary systems is available, including covered racks capable of holding a number of bikes and cycle lockers which provide secure storage for the bike and associate equipment e.g. helmets.
 
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Location
In general, cycle parking should be:
  • in a secure, easily accessible position regularly overlooked by staff or passers-by;
  • adjacent to the entrance, particularly for visitors;
  • well signed and lit;
  • ideally under cover;
  • positioned so as not to present a hazard to pedestrians, particularly those with impaired vision.
  • In town centre locations, it may be preferable for developers to contribute towards the provision of cycle parking stands for general public use.
 
Minimum Motorcycle Parking Standards
The use of motorcycles, mopeds and scooters (collectively referred to as Powered Two Wheelers) offer a number of benefits, particularly for short journeys. They are a relatively cheap and convenient form of transport, require less parking space than cars and generally produce less air pollution. Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the sales of smaller Powered Two Wheelers.
 
Number of Spaces
Parking for Powered Two Wheelers should be provided at 1 space per 20 car parking spaces. Secure anchor points to which machines may be locked should normally be provided.
 
Location
In general, parking for Powered Two Wheelers should be:
  • flat, level and firm enough to prevent stands sinking into the ground;
  • in a secure position regularly overlooked by staff or passers-by;
  • as near to the entrance as the site layout permits;
  • well signed and lit;
  • ideally under cover, but if this is not possible, clear of trees, etc., to avoid falling sap, bird droppings, etc;
  • positioned so as not to present a hazard to pedestrians, particularly those with impaired vision;
  • designed to ensure that they are not used by cars and other vehicles.
 
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In town centre locations, it may be preferable for developers to contribute towards the provision of motorcycle parking stands for general public use.
In addition, at larger sites, developers will also be required to demonstrate that they have considered the additional needs of employees who use Powered Two Wheelers, such as lockers for storing crash helmets and clothing, and changing facilities as part of an overall Travel Plan.
 
Parking for Disabled People
At all new developments, consideration should be given to the parking needs of disabled people. In general, 5% of the total car parking provided should be dedicated as parking for the disabled. Clearly signed spaces will therefore be provided in accordance with the following standards:
Less than 20 spaces in total     a minimum of 1 space
More than 20 spaces            2 spaces or 5% of the total, whichever is greater
In some instances where a higher than normal usage by people with disabilities is expected (e.g. day centres or education establishments for those with disabilities), then increased provision will be required. In addition, employers will be encouraged to provide individual spaces for each known disabled employee.
Car parking spaces for people with disabilities should be located as close as possible to the main entrance (or to an alternative fully accessible entrance if the main entrance does not meet these requirements). Appropriate dropped kerbing should be provided. Adequate space should be provided to enable wheelchair users to easily gain access to and from their cars. Typical layouts are shown in the diagrams below.
 
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Diagram of the different disabled parking bays
Further guidance on parking for people with disabilities can be found in the DETR’s Traffic Advisory Leaflet TA05/95 : Parking for Disabled People.
 
 
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