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Appendix 4
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
   
Affordable Housing: homes provided to meet the needs of people who cannot afford to buy or rent suitable property on the open market and which are therefore homes made available at a rent or price below the normal market level, irrespective of size or type of dwelling, which are affordable and which are made available to meet demonstrated needs in the area.
 
Agriculture:  Defined by Section 336(1) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 as including: horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming, the breeding and keeping of livestock (including any creature kept for the production of food, wool, skins or furs, or the purpose of its use in the farming of land), the use of land as grazing land, meadow land, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds, and the use of land for woodlands where that use is ancillary to the farming of land for other agricultural purposes.
 
Ancient Monument: A nationally important site consisting of upstanding or buried remains protected under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.
 
Annual Monitoring Report (AMR): Local Planning Authorities are required to produce an AMR to assess how the policies are performing against their relevant targets and what action is required if targets are not being met.  Any changes will be brought forward through a revised Local Development Scheme.
 
Area Action Plan (AAP): Development Plan Documents covering parts of the District.  They focus upon implementation, providing an important mechanism for ensuring development of an appropriate scale, mix and quality for key areas of opportunity, change and conservation.
 
Article 4 direction: removes permitted development rights contained within the Town and Country Planning General Permitted Development Order 1995 on the grounds that to exercise these rights would have an adverse effect on the character of the area.
 
Backland development: development of land to the rear of existing properties, often using garden land.
 
Brownfield: see previously developed land.
 
Built Environment: Those parts of the District which are primarily built-up, including all settlements, buildings and other structures.
 
Bulky Goods Retailing: The sale of large goods which the customer would not normally be expected to take away without assistance from vehicular transport.  Associated with items such as carpets, DIY goods and large electrical goods.
 
Circular: document issued by Government focusing on legislative and procedural matters.
 
Commitment: land with a current planning permission on which the permitted development may be not started or may be under construction.
 
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Comparison Goods:  A term used in retailing to indicate goods purchased for longer term use and likely to be subject to 'comparison' between suppliers before purchase.  Includes clothing, footwear, household goods, books, stationery, chemists’ goods, photographic goods, jewellery, leather, sports goods, cycles and prams.
 
Conservation Area:  An area of special architectural or historic interest, the character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.  These areas designated by the Local Planning Authority under section 69 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.
 
Conservation Area Consent: Within conservation areas, consent from the Local Planning Authority is required prior to the demolition of a building.  This consent for demolition is referred to as 'conservation area consent'.  Powers relating to the issue of conservation area consent or refusal are given to the Local Planning Authority within the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.
 
Convenience Goods:  A term used in retailing to indicate goods purchased for regular consumption.  Includes food, groceries, drink, confectionery, tobacco, newsprint.
 
Countryside: Those parts of the District lying outside the defined settlement limits.  There is no designated Green Belt within South Holland.
 
Curtilage: any yard, garden or similar land which is clearly associated with the use of a house or building.
 
Defined Retail Centres:  Includes Retail Town Centres, Retail District Centres and Retail Local Centres.  The development of town centre uses is to be promoted as first priority in these centres.
 
Defined Settlement Limits: The boundary which defines that part of particular settlements to which certain key development policies relate.  They replace the ‘Development Boundaries’ set out in previous Local Plan documents.
 
Derelict Land: There is no statutory definition of derelict land, but it is defined administratively as 'land so damaged by industrial or other development that it is incapable of beneficial use without treatment'.
 
Development: "The carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material changes in the use of any building." (Town & Country Planning Act (1990) Part III Section 55).
 
Development Brief:  A document providing more detailed guidance on the planning and development of a particular site.  It may be prepared in association with a design brief.
 
Ecological Site:  An area of natural history interest.
 
Edge of Town Retailing:  A term relating to the location of a retail outlet outside, but close to, the defined town centre itself.
 
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Employment: For the purposes of this Local Plan the term employment land will normally refer to land intended for use within Classes B1, B2 or B8, as defined in the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) (Amendment) Order 2005.  Sui generis employment uses outside these categories may also be appropriate, subject to normal site planning considerations.
 
Environmental Impact Assessment:  Generally refers to project appraisal, involving the evaluation of the environmental impact of particular development proposals.  The Town and Country Planning (Assessment of Environmental Effects) Regulations 1988 set out the instances in which the preparation of an EIA is a requirement.
 
European Marine Site:  The most important areas for marine wildlife in the European Union (EU). They are designated under the Habitats Directive, which provides for the creation of a network of protected terrestrial and marine wildlife areas across the EU to be known as the Natura 2000 series. A European Marine Site may consist of Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Area when found in intertidal and marine areas.
 
Express Consent:  Permission granted by the Local Planning Authority for the display of advert signs.  Powers to determine advertisement applications and thereby to grant express consent are given within the Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) Regulations 1992.
 
Factory Outlet Centre: Specialist retail outlet selling at discounted prices, branded factory seconds, surplus stock, experimental stock or discontinued lines.
 
Farm Diversification: supplementing farm incomes by providing non-agricultural sources of revenue in order to maintain the viability of farm holdings.
 
Food Cluster:  Reference to the high level of food production that takes place within the District; the District can be referred to as a ‘food cluster’.  This means a grouping of businesses in the food sector that collaborate closely and intensively for mutual benefit in ways that mean that their competitive advantage relies on this collaboration.  This covers procurement, packing, preparation and delivery, as well as research and development and corporate innovation.
 
Food Processing:  The factory based element of the food production industry.
 
Food Sector:  Used to refer collectively to the different elements of the food production industry.
 
Full planning permission: application where all details are approved.
 
Greenfield Site: Land which has not been previously used for urban development or other urban land uses, most often comprising land last used for agriculture and located outside existing built up areas of a settlement.
 
Gypsies and Travellers:  ODPM Circular 01/06 defines as “Persons of nomadic habit of life whatever their race or origin, including such persons who on grounds only of their own or their family’s or dependant’s educational or health needs or old age have ceased to travel temporarily or permanently, but excluding members of an organised group of travelling show people or circus people travelling together as such.”
 
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Hectare:  An area 10,000 sq. metres or 2.471 acres.
 
Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs): a property occupied by persons who do not form a single household but who share certain facilities, such as kitchens and bathrooms.
 
Housing Needs Survey: survey undertaken to ascertain the level, type and distribution of housing need within the District.
 
Infill Site:  An area which can accommodate one or two dwellings in an otherwise continuously built-up frontage.
 
Listed Building:  A building designated by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport under Section 1 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.  Such buildings are designated due to their special architectural or historic interest.
 
Listed Building Consent:  A permission, similar to planning permission, required from the Local Planning Authority for demolition or substantial demolition and for any works of alteration or extension which would affect the character of the listed building.  Control applies for both external and internal works which would affect the special interest of the building.  Planning permission may also be required.
 
Local Development Framework (LDF): the new form of spatial development plan introduced by the Government's planning reforms in the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.
 
Local Development Scheme (LDS):  Project Plan setting out how the Local Planning Authority will develop their Local Development Framework over a 3 year period.
 
Local Heritage Interest Buildings:  Buildings and structures that do not merit national listing but are of particular local importance.
 
Local Nature Reserve: Established by a local authority under the powers of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.
 
Local Planning Authority:  The planning authority responsible for the local area.  In the case of South Holland District the local planning authority is South Holland District Council.
 
Mixed Use Development: Developments that include a mixture of more than one of the following: housing, employment, leisure, shopping and community facilities.
 
National Nature Reserve (NNR): Reserves declared by statutory conservation agencies under Section 19 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 or Section 35 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
 
NPFA:  The National Playing Fields Association.
 
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Open Countryside: see Countryside.
 
Out - of - Centre Retailing:  A term relating to retail development outside the defined town centres, but not necessarily outside urban areas.
 
Outline planning permission: establishes the general principle of development. The exact details are reserved for later approval.
 
Permitted development rights: minor development which is granted planning permission by the General Permitted Development Order 1995 and do not require the submission of a planning application.
 
Planning Conditions:  Requirements attached to a grant of planning permission in order to ensure the effective and proper implementation of any given development.
 
Planning Obligation: see Section 106 Obligation.
 
Planning Policy Guidance (PPG): Guidance issued by the ODPM, to provide planning advice on Government policy and legislation.
 
Public Open Space:  Space for formal and informal recreation activities with access generally open to the public.
 
Planning Policy Statement (PPS):  Guidance issued by ODPM to replace PPGs with shorter, more focused statements as part of the reform of the planning system.
 
Previously Developed Land (Annex C PPG: 3 Housing):  Previously developed land is that which is or was occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agricultural and forestry buildings), and associated fixed surface infrastructure.  The definition covers the curtilage of the development.  Previously developed land may occur in both built up and rural settings.  The definition includes defence buildings and land used for mineral extraction and waste disposal where provision for restoration has not been made through development control procedures.
The definition excludes land and buildings that are currently in use for agricultural and forestry purposes, and land in built up areas which has not been developed previously (e.g. parks, recreation grounds and allotments- even though these areas may contain certain urban features such as paths, pavilions and other buildings).  Also excluded is land that was previously developed but where the remains of any structure or activity have blended into the landscape in the process of time (to the extent that it can reasonably be considered as part of the natural surroundings), and where there is a clear reason that could outweigh the re-use of the site such as its contribution to nature conservation or it has subsequently been put to an amenity use and cannot be regarded as requiring development.
 
Proposals Map: a map of the District showing the Plan's proposals and where policies apply.
 
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Ramsar Site:  Wetland Site listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat 1971 ('the Ramsar Convention').
 
Rural Action Zone (RAZ): A concept to promote partnership working and, through new ways of working together, to shape and improve rural life.  This is the Local Strategic Partnership for South Holland.
 
Regional Planning Guidance (RPG): Issued by the Secretary of State.  RPG8 provided a framework for the preparation and review of development plans in the East Midlands region, covering Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire and Northamptonshire and the Peak District National Park.  It has now been superseded by Regional Spatial Strategy.
 
Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS):  The RSS, prepared by the Regional Planning Board, (in our case, East Midlands Regional Assembly – EMRA) provides a spatial framework to inform the preparation of LDDs and takes account of guidance from Planning Policy Statements.  The RSS has become part of the Development Plan in law which is a change to the previous system of Regional Planning Guidance.  RSS 8 is therefore replacing RPG8 for the East Midlands.
 
Renewable Energy:  The term 'renewable energy' covers those resources which occur and recur naturally in the environment.  Such resources include heat form the earth or the sun, power from the wind and from water and energy from plant material and from the recycling of domestic, industrial or agricultural waste.
 
Retail Development:  For the purposes of policies in this Local Plan retail development refers to uses generally occurring within Classes A1-A3 (inclusive) of the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) (Amendment) Order 2005.
 
Retail Centres:  see Defined Retail Centres.
 
Retail Parks:  Large development sites containing a concentration of at least three retail warehouses.  Usually in out-of-town locations on major highway routes.
 
Retail Warehouses:  Large single-level stores specialising in the sale of household goods and DIY items, catering mainly for car-borne customers and often in out-of-centre locations.
 
Rural "Exceptions" Scheme: Small schemes for affordable housing which are allowed in rural areas on sites where housing will not normally be permitted.
 
Safeguard (from development):  The use of planning polices to prevent the loss of a site to development for purposes other than that for which the land is held in reserve, e.g. road schemes.
 
Section 106 Obligation: A legal means (under Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990) by which a Local Planning Authority may restrict or regulate the development or use of land, for example in order to secure works which are necessary for planning permission to be given but which cannot be required by a planning condition.
 
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Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI): Site notified under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 for its biological, geological or physiographical interest.
 
Site of Local Nature Conservation Importance (SLNCI):  Site which is of acknowledged value and formally managed as nature reserves, whilst not being designated sites of international or national importance.
 
Special Area of Conservation (SAC):  Area designated under the EC Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora ('the Habitats Directive').
 
Special Protection Area (SPA): Area classified under the EC Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds, that protect bird species and the habitats upon which they depend ('the Birds Directive').
 
Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA):  A study undertaken generally at District level, assessing the risk to land and property from flooding from the sea, rivers and land drains.
 
Structure Plan: The strategic plan for the County prepared by the County Council in accordance with Regional Planning Guidance, and to which our Local Plan should conform generally.  Will be superseded by Regional Spatial Strategy.
 
Supplementary Planning Document (SPD):  Non-statutory Local Development Document which supplements the policies and proposals in Development Plan Documents.
 
Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG): Guidance prepared by the Local Planning Authority to supplement the policies and proposals of the Local Plan, providing a greater level of detail.  It can be a material consideration in the determination of planning applications.
 
Sustainable Development: "ensuring that the needs of the present are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs".  The Government has set the following four objectives for sustainable development:
  • social progress which recognises the needs of everyone;
  • effective protection of the environment;
  • prudent use of natural resources; and
  • maintenance of high and stable levels of economic growth and employment.
(From A Better Quality of Life - A Strategy for Sustainable Development for the UK, CM 4345, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions).
 
Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems: techniques to control and manage water run off before entering a water course, including preventative measures.
 
Travellers:  see Gypsies and Travellers.
 
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Tree Preservation Order (TPO):  Section 198 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 empowers local authorities to make orders for the preservation of trees, in the interests of amenity.
 
Use Classes Order:  'Use Classes' are groups of land uses; subject to certain criteria being met, the uses are interchangeable for others within the same group without the need for planning permission.  Use Classes are defined by the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) (Amendment) Order 2005.  In summary:
   
A1: Shops
A2: Financial and professional services
A3: Restaurants and cafes
A4: Pubs and Bars
A5: Take-aways
B1: Business
B2: General industry
B8: Storage or distribution
C1: Hotels
C2: Residential Institutions
C3: Dwelling houses
D1: Non-residential institutions
D2: Assembly and leisure
Sui Generis: being a use which does not fall in a specific class.
 
Vitality and Viability:  Referred to in PPS6 (major retail developments) as being an important consideration in looking at the cumulative effect of out of town retail developments on existing town centres.  For example, the vitality and viability of a town centre could be affected by a significant increase in vacant properties and a marked reduction in the range of services a town centre provides, or a deterioration in the range and variety of shops and services provided.
 
Windfall Sites:  Areas of land capable of accommodating over ten dwellings for which planning permission is granted for that purpose without having been previously identified for such development in the Local Plan.
 
 
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